Optimize Your Small Outdoor Space(page 1 of 2)

Plan accordingly and your small outdoor space will yield enjoyable, natural living.

DP_Jane-Ellison-asian-outdoor-dining-table_s4x3 Design by Jane Ellison

If you’re among the millions of homeowners downsizing to a smaller house or condominium, your exterior space will likely shrink, too.

In most cases, having fewer square feet simply requires prioritizing your favorite outdoor choices, so you don’t crowd a site.

Decide what to include by focusing on elements that will provide the greatest pleasure and use, as well as fit your climate, property's orientation, topography and budget.

Start With a Plan

Balance the layout. Proportion how much hardscape you need for dining or sitting, versus softscape, which contributes to color and softness but requires more maintenance, says landscape architect Stephen H. Wlodarczyk of Botanical Decorators.

Choose color wisely. Limit your palette in a small space to a few choices, and remember that white offers advantages for contrast. A white, silver or gray “moonlight” palette is easier to spot at dusk and night than green and other dark colors, says landscape designer Jean Marsh, owner of Jean Marsh Design.

Layer lighting. Light your outdoor spaces as you do indoor rooms for aesthetic and functional needs. Outdoor lighting offers other advantages: You enjoy your yard from the indoors, at night, and deter burglars. Numerous LED options are energy efficient and conceal unattractive wiring and are barely visible themselves.

Add storage. Include a place to stash outdoor cushions, bikes, tools and hoses.


Browse 10 Small Outdoor Spaces

Make the Most of Your Small-Space Garden

A few planters or pots can produce a bountiful harvest. "Many home gardeners make the mistake of growing too much, then giving it away," says landscape designer Michael Glassman.

When garden space is limited, follow these tips:

  • Because of close proximity, complement your home with a garden that reflects a similar style, materials, palette and scale.
  • Landscape all parts of your property — front, back and sides. Even a garage roof can work if there’s good access, says architect Sarah Susanka, author of the Not So Big House series.
  • If you desire different features, separate them in zones to make each look important and bigger.
  • Make even short walks aesthetically appealing, fragrant, and functional. Widen them to 30” or preferably 36” so two can stroll side by side. Design your layout in a straight line or a graceful curve according to the garden design. Pick materials that make walking secure, and satisfy all senses, including using creeping thyme for scent, pea gravel for pleasant crunching, berry bushes for taste and flowers for color.
  • Site your garden to make the yard look bigger by angling a layout rather than constructing it in a rectilinear shape. Far corners recede, says Drzewiecki. Cool colors, such as blues and grays, and good illumination also fool the eye.
  • Scale everything to smaller dimensions, except for one or two large elements. Narrow trees that don’t grow too tall or wide and consume a site will add pleasant punctuation marks, says Wolodarczyk.
  • When in doubt, leave it out. Too many small gardens become overcrowded. “So many homeowners can’t resist wanting one of everything,” says Glassman.
  • Plant in rows with big broadleaf evergreens or viburnum at the rear of a lawn panel or near the house; flowering hydrangeas and larger perennials like astilbe and liguria in the middle; and pops of color such as ‘Picasso’ petunias, Creeping Charlie and periwinkle in front.

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